Tim Gard
Lab picture

Tim Gard, PhD

In the US

Massachusetts General Hospital
Department of Psychiatry
Division Psychiatric Neuroscience, Lazar Lab
120 2nd Ave
Charlestown, MA 02129

In Europe

Institute for Complementary and Inegrative Medicine & Translational Neuromodeling Unit
University of Zurich & ETH Zurich
Institute for Biomedical Engineering
Translational Neuromodeling Unit
Wilfriedstrasse 6
CH-8032 Zurich


Personal website


Peer reviewed publications


    Farb, N., Daubenmier, J. J., Price, C. J., Gard, T., Kerr, C., Dunn, B., KLein, A. C., Paulus, M. P., & Mehling, W. E. (2015). Interoception, Contemplative Practice, and Health. Name: Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 763. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00763


    Gard, T. *, Taquet, M.*, Dixit, R., Hoelzel, B. K., Dickerson, B. C., & Lazar, S. (2015). Greater widespread functional connectivity of the caudate in older adults who practice kripalu yoga and vipassana meditation than in controls. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 137. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00137


    Gard, T., Hoelzel, B. K., & Lazar, S. W. (2014). The potential effects of meditation on age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1307(1), 89-103. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12348


    Gard, T., Taquet, M., Dixit, R., Hoelzel, B. K., de Montjoye, Y.-A., Brach, N., Salat, D., Dickerson, B. C., Gray, J. R., & Lazar, S. (2014). Fluid intelligence and brain functional organization in aging yoga and meditation practitioners. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 6,76. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2014.00076


    Gard, T. (2014). Different neural correlates of facing pain with mindfulness: Contributions of strategy and skill: Comment on "Facing the experience of pain: A neuropsychological perspective" by Fabbro and Crescentini. Physics of life reviews, 11(3), 564-566. doi: 10.1016/j.plrev.2014.07.003


    Gard, T.*, Noggle, J.*, Park, C.*, Vago, D. R.*, & Wilson, A.* (2014). Potential self-regulatory mechanisms of yoga for psychological health. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 770. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00770


    Desbordes, G.*, Gard, T.*, Hoge, E. A.*, Hoelzel, B. K.*, Kerr, C.*, Lazar, S. W.*, Olendzki, A.*, & Vago, D. R.* (2014). Moving Beyond Mindfulness: Defining Equanimity as an Outcome Measure in Meditation and Contemplative Research. Mindfulness, 6(2), 356-372. doi: 10.1007/s12671-013-0269-8


    Hoelzel, B. K., Hoge, E. A., Greve, D. N., Gard, T., Creswell, J. D., Brown, K. W., Barrett, L. F., Schwartz, C., Vaitl, D., & Lazar, S. W. (2013). Neural mechanisms of symptom improvements in generalized anxiety disorder following mindfulness training. NeuroImage: Clinical, 2(0), 448-458. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2013.03.011


    Gard, T., Hoelzel, B. K., Sack, A. T., Hempel, H., Lazar, S. W., Vaitl, D., & Ott, U. (2012). Pain Attenuation through Mindfulness is Associated with Decreased Cognitive Control and Increased Sensory Processing in the Brain. Cerebral Cortex, 22(11), 2692-2702. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhr352


    Gard, T., Brach, N., Hoelzel, B. K., Noggle, J. J., Conboy, L. A., & Lazar, S. W. (2012). Effects of a yoga-based intervention for young adults on quality of life and perceived stress: The potential mediating roles of mindfulness and self-compassion. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(3), 165-175. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2012.667144


    Hoelzel, B., K. , Carmody, J., Vangel, M., Congleton,Christina, Yerramsetti, S., M. , Gard, T., & Lazar, S., W. . (2011). Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 191(1), 36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2010.08.006


    Hoelzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How Does Mindfulness Meditation Work? Proposing Mechanisms of Action From a Conceptual and Neural Perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6(6), 537-559. doi: 10.1177/1745691611419671


    Hoelzel, B. K., Ott, U., Gard, T., Hempel, H., Weygandt, M., Morgen, K., & Vaitl, D. (2008). Investigation of mindfulness meditation practitioners with voxel-based morphometry. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 3(1), 55-61.


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