Neuroimage. 2013 Jun 26. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.06.054. [Epub ahead of print]

Reducing motion artifacts for long-term clinical NIRS monitoring using collodion-fixed prism-based optical fibers

Yucel MA, Selb J, Boas DA, Cash SS, Cooper RJ.

Abstract

As the applications of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) continue to broaden and long-term clinical monitoring becomes more common, minimizing signal artifacts due to patient movement becomes more pressing. This is particularly true in applications where clinically and physiologically interesting events are intrinsically linked to patient movement, as is the case in the study of epileptic seizures. In this study, we apply an approach common in the application of EEG electrodes to the application of specialized NIRS optical fibers. The method provides improved optode-scalp coupling through the use of miniaturized optical fiber tips fixed to the scalp using collodion, a clinical adhesive. We investigate and quantify the performance of this new method in minimizing motion artifacts in healthy subjects, and apply the technique to allow continuous NIRS monitoring throughout epileptic seizures in two epileptic in-patients. Using collodion-fixed fibers reduces the percent signal change of motion artifacts by 90% and increases the SNR by 6 and 3 fold at 690 and 830nm wavelengths respectively when compared to a standard Velcro-based array of optical fibers. The SNR has also increased by 2 fold during rest conditions without motion with the new probe design because of better light coupling between the fiber and scalp. The change in both HbO and HbR during motion artifacts is found to be statistically lower for the collodion-fixed fiber probe. The collodion-fixed optical fiber approach has also allowed us to obtain good quality NIRS recording of three epileptic seizures in two patients despite excessive motion in each case.

PMID: 23796546